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Orang Yi atau Nuosuo (secara sejarahnya dikenali sebagai Lolo)[2] merupakan sebuah kumpulan etnik yang terdapat di China, Vietnam, dan Thailand. Berjumlah seramai 8 juta orang, mereka merupakan kumpulan etnik minoriti ketujuh terbesar yang diiktiraf Republik Rakyat China. Kebanyakan daripada mereka menetap di kawasan terpencil di Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou, dan Guangxi, kebanyakannya di kawasan pergunungan. Pada tahun 1999, terpada kira-kira 3,300 orang "Lô Lô" tinggal di Hà Giang, Cao Bằng, dan Lào Cai di Timur Laut Vietnam.

Yi
ꆈꌠ
彝族
Alternative names:
Nuosu
Yi-Minority.JPG
Jumlah populasi
9 juta (2010)
Kawasan ramai penduduk
China: Yunnan, Sichuan, Guizhou, Guangxi
Vietnam 4,541 (2009)[1]
Thailand Laos 2,203 (2015)
Bahasa
Yi (majoriti); Mandarin Barat Daya (minoriti)
Agama
Bimoisme
Kumpulan etnik yang berkaitan
Nakhi, Qiang, Tibet, berkemungkinan Tujia.

Masyarakat Yi bertutur dalam bahasa-bahasa Lolo, Sino-Tibet yang berkait rapat dengan bahasa Burma dan bahasa Nuosu yang ditulis dalam aksara Yi.

GaleriSunting

RujukanSunting

  • Cheng Xiamin. A Survey of the Demographic Problems of the Yi Nationality in the Greater and Lesser Liang Mountains. Social Sciences in China. 3: Autumn 1984, 207–231.
  • Clements, Ronald. Point Me to the Skies: the amazing story of Joan Wales.(Monarch Publications, 2007), ISBN 978-0-8254-6157-6.
  • Dessaint, Alain Y. Minorities of Southwest China: An Introduction to the Yi (Lolo) and Related Peoples. (New Haven: HRAF Press, 1980).
  • Du Ruofu and Vip, Vincent F. Ethnic Groups in China. (Beijing: Science Press, 1993).
  • Goullart, Peter. Princes of the Black Bone. (John Murray, London, 1959).
  • Grimes, Barbara F. Ethnologue. (Dallas: Wycliffe Bible Translators, 1988).
  • Cultural Encounters on China's Ethnic Frontiers. The History of the History of the Yi. Edited by Stevan Harrell. (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1995).
  • Perspectives on the Yi of Southwest China. Edited by Stevan Harrell. (Berkeley / Los Angeles / London: University of California Press, 2001), ISBN 0-520-21988-0.
  • China's Minority Nationalities. Edited by Ma Yin. (Beijing: Foreign Language Press, 1994).
  • Zhang Weiwen and Zeng Qingnan. In Search of China's Minorities. (Beijing: New World Press).
  • Ritual for Expelling Ghosts: A religious Classic of the Yi nationality in Liangshan Prefecture, Sichuan (The Taipei Ricci Institute, Nov. 1998), ISBN 957-9185-60-3.

BibliografiSunting

  • Benoît Vermander. L'enclos à moutons: un village nuosu du sud-ouest de la Chine. Paris: Les Indes savantes (2007).

Bacaan tambahanSunting

  • Ollone, Henri d', vicomte (1912) In Forbidden China: the d'Ollone mission, 1906–1909, China--Tibet--Mongolia; translated from the French of the second edition by Bernard Miall. Chapters II-V & VII. London: T. Fisher Unwin

Pautan luarSunting

  • ^ "The 2009 Vietnam Population and Housing Census: Completed Results". General Statistics Office of Vietnam: Central Population and Housing Census Steering Committee. June 2010. m/s. 135. Dicapai 2013-11-26. 
  • ^ Nuosu: ꆈꌠ Templat:IPA-xx; Hanzi transkripsi: 诺苏 Nuòsū; Bahasa Cina: 彝族pinyin: Yízú; Vietnam: Lô Lô; Thai: โล-โล, Lo-Lo