This timeline of discovery of Solar System planets and their natural satellites charts the progress of the discovery of new bodies over history.

Historically the naming of moons did not always match the times of their discovery.

In the following tables, planetary satellites are indicated in bold type (e.g. Moon) while planets, major or minor, which directly circle the Sun are in italic type (e.g. Earth). The tables are sorted by publication/announcement date. Dates are annotated with the following symbols:

  • i: for date of first imaging (photography, etc.);
  • o: for date of first human visual observation, either through telescope or on photographic plate (the true discovery moment);
  • p: for date of announcement or publication.

*Note: Marked moons had complicated discoveries. Several moons took several years to be confirmed, and in several cases were actually lost and rediscovered. Others were found in Voyager photographs years after they were taken.

Color legend

The planets and their natural satellites are marked in the following colors:

Planets
  Venus
Dwarf planets and candidates
  Ceres
  Eris and satellite

PrehistorySunting

Zaman Prasejarah
Nama Gambar Planet/Designasi Nombor Rujukan/Nota
Matahari Bintang In Ptolemy's geocentric model, the Earth was believed to be at the center of the cosmos. Seven planets were placed in orbit around it in an order of increasing distance from the Earth, as established by the Greek Stoics: the Moon, Mercury, Venus, the Sun, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn. This list included two objects, the Sun and the Moon, which are no longer considered to be planets; it also excluded the Earth.
Utarid Planet Pertama The inner planets of Mercury and Venus and the outer planets of Mars, Jupiter and Saturn were identified by ancient Babylonian astronomers in the 2nd millenium BC.[1]

By Aristarchus of Samos, and later in Nicolaus Copernicus' heliocentric system (De Revolutionibus Orbium Coelestium, 1543) the Earth came to be considered a planet revolving with the other planets around the Sun, in the following order of distance from the Sun: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn. The Sun, now situated near the center of revolution, was no longer considered a planet.

Zuhrah Planet Ke-2
Bumi Planet Ke-3
Marikh Planet Ke-4
Musytari Planet Ke-5
Zuhal Planet Ke-6
Bulan Bumi I In the Copernican system, the Moon was considered to be no longer a planet but a natural satellite of the Earth, and was the only body in that system whose revolution was not centered on the Sun.

17th centurySunting

17th century
Date Name Image Planet/Number Designation References/Notes
1610s
o: January 7, 1610
p: March 13, 1610
Ganymede Jupiter III Galileo.[2][3] The Galilean moons. The Galilean satellites were the first celestial objects that were confirmed to orbit an object other than the Earth.[4]
Callisto Jupiter IV
o: January 8, 1610[5]
p: March 13, 1610
Io Jupiter I
Europa Jupiter II
1650s
o: March 25, 1655
p: March 5, 1656
Titan Saturn VI
Saturn II (1673–1684), Saturn IV (1686–1789)
Huygens.[6] He first "published" his discovery as an anagram, sent out on June 13, 1655; later published in pamphlet form as De Saturni luna Observatio Nova and in full in Systema Saturnium (July 1659).
1670s
o: October 25, 1671
p: 1673
Iapetus Saturn VIII
Saturn III (1673–1684), Saturn V (1686–1789), Saturn VII (1789–1848)
Cassini[7]
o: December 23, 1672
p: 1673
Rhea Saturn V
Saturn I (1673–1684), Saturn III (1686–1789)
1680s
o: March 21, 1684
p: April 22, 1686
Tethys Saturn III
Saturn I (1686–1789)
Cassini.[8] Together with his previous two discoveries, Cassini named these satellites Sidera Lodoicea.

In his work Kosmotheôros (published posthumously in 1698), Christiaan Huygens relates "Jupiter you see has his four, and Saturn his five Moons about him, all plac’d in their Orbits."

Dione Saturn IV
Saturn II (1686–1789)
Date Name Image Planet/Number Designation References/Notes

18th centurySunting

18th century
Date Name Image Planet/Number Designation References/Notes
1780s
o: March 13, 1781
p: April 26, 1781
Uranus 7th Planet Herschel first reported the discovery of Uranus on April 26, 1781, initially believing it a comet[9]
o: January 11, 1787
p: February 15, 1787
Titania Uranus III Herschel.[10][11] He later reported four more spurious satellites.[12]
Oberon Uranus IV
o: August 28, 1789[13]
p: November 12, 1789
Enceladus Saturn II Herschel[14]
o: September 17, 1789
p: November 12, 1789
Mimas Saturn I
Date Name Image Planet/Number Designation References/Notes

19th centurySunting

19th century
Date Name Image Planet/Number Designation References/Notes
1800s
o: January 1, 1801
p: January 24, 1801
Ceres 8th Planet (1801)
Asteroid (1851)
Dwarf planet (2006)
Giuseppe Piazzi. He first announced his discovery on January 24, 1801, in letters to fellow astronomers. The first formal publication was the September 1801 issue of the Monatliche Correspondenz.
1840s
o: September 23, 1846
p: November 13, 1846
Neptune 13th Planet (1846)
8th Planet (1851)
Galle and Le Verrier[15][16]
o: October 10, 1846
p: November 13, 1846
Triton Neptune I Lassell[17]
o: September 16, 1848
p: October, 1848
Hyperion Saturn VII Bond, Bond,[18] Lassell[19]
1850s
o: October 24, 1851 Ariel Uranus I Lassell[20]
Umbriel Uranus II
1870s
o: August 12, 1877 Deimos Mars II Hall[21][22][23]
o: August 18, 1877 Phobos Mars I
1890s
o: September 9, 1892
p: October 4, 1892
Amalthea Jupiter V Barnard[24]
i: August 16, 1898
o: March 17, 1899
Phoebe Saturn IX Pickering[25][26]
Date Name Image Planet/Number Designation References/Notes

Early 20th centurySunting

Early 20th century
Date Name Image Planet/Number Designation References/Notes
1900s
i: December 3, 1904
p: January 6, 1905
Himalia (Hestia 1955–1975) Jupiter VI Perrine[27][28][29][30][31]
i: January 2, 1905
p: February 27, 1905
Elara (Hera 1955–1975) Jupiter VII Perrine[31][32][33]
i: January 27, 1908
o: February 28, 1908
p: March 1–6, 1908
Pasiphaë (Poseidon 1955–1975) Jupiter VIII Melotte[34][35]
1910s
i: July 21, 1914
p: September 17, 1914
Sinope (Hades 1955–1975) Jupiter IX Nicholson[36]
1930s
i: January 23, 1930
o: February 18, 1930
p: March 13, 1930
Pluto 9th Planet (1930)
Dwarf planet (2006)
Tombaugh[37]
i: July 6, 1938
p: August 1938
Lysithea (Demeter 1955–1975) Jupiter X Nicholson[38]
i: July 30, 1938
p: August 1938
Carme (Pan 1955–1975) Jupiter XI Nicholson[38]
1940s
i: February 16, 1948
p: June 1949
Miranda Uranus V Kuiper[39]
i: May 1, 1949
p: August 1949
Nereid Neptune II Kuiper[40][41]
1950s
i: September 28, 1951
p: December 1951
Ananke (Adrastea 1955–1975) Jupiter XII Nicholson[42]
Date Name Image Planet/Number Designation References/Notes

Late 20th centurySunting

Later 20th century
Date Name Designation Image Planet/Number Designation References/Notes
1960s
i: December 15, 1966
p: January 3, 1967
Janus* S/1966 S 2 Saturn X Dollfus[43][44][45][46][47][48]
(Dollfus may have seen either Janus or Epimetheus)
i: December 18, 1966
p: January 6, 1967
Epimetheus* S/1980 S 3   Saturn XI Walker[49]
1970s
i: September 11, 1974
p: September 20, 1974
Leda Jupiter XIII Kowal[50][51][52][53]
i: September 30, 1975
p: October 3, 1975
Themisto* S/1975 J 1 Jupiter XVIII Kowal[54][55][56]
(Discovered and then lost)
i: April 13, 1978
o: June 22, 1978
Charon S/1978 P 1 Pluto I Christy[57][58]
i: July 8, 1979
p: November 23, 1979
Adrastea S/1979 J 1 Jupiter XV Jewitt, Danielson / Voyager 2[46][59][60][61][62][63]
1980s
Date Name Designation Image Planet/Number Designation References/Notes
i: February 26, 1980
p: March 6, 1980
Epimetheus* S/1980 S 3 Saturn XI [48][64][65][66][67]
(Confirmed by Voyager 1)
i: March 1, 1980
p: March 6, 1980
Helene S/1980 S 6 Saturn XII Laques, Lecacheux[64][65][66][67]
i: April 8, 1980
p: April 10, 1980
Telesto S/1980 S 13 Saturn XIII Smith, Reitsema, Larson, Fountain, Voyager 1[67][68]
i: March 5, 1979
p: April 28, 1980
Thebe S/1979 J 2 Jupiter XIV Synnott, Voyager 1[60][61]
i: February 19, 1980
p: June 6, 1980
Janus* S/1980 S 1 Saturn X [46][48][65][66][67]
(Confirmed by Voyager 1)
i: March 13, 1980
p: July 31, 1980
Calypso S/1980 S 25 Saturn XIV Pascu, Seidelmann, Baum, Currie[66][67]
i:March 4, 1979
p: August 26, 1980
Metis S/1979 J 3 Jupiter XVI Synnott, Voyager 1[61]
o: October, 1980
p: October 31, 1980
Prometheus S/1980 S 27 Saturn XVI Collins, Voyager 1[69]
Pandora S/1980 S 26 Saturn XVII Collins, Voyager 1[69]
o: October, 1980
p: November 13, 1980
Atlas S/1980 S 28 Saturn XV Terrile, Voyager 1[70]
i: May 24, 1981
p: May 29, 1981
Larissa* S/1981 N 1
= S/1989 N 2
Neptune VII Reitsema, Hubbard, Lebofsky, Tholen, Voyager 2[71][72]
i: December 30, 1985
p: January 9, 1986
Puck S/1985 U 1 Uranus XV Synnott, Voyager 2[73]
i: January 3, 1986
p: January 16, 1986
Juliet S/1986 U 2 Uranus XI Synnott, Voyager 2[74][75]
Portia S/1986 U 1 Uranus XII Synnott, Voyager 2[74][75]
i: January 9, 1986
p: January 16, 1986
Cressida S/1986 U 3 Uranus IX Synnott, Voyager 2[74][75]
i: January 13, 1986
p: January 16, 1986
Desdemona S/1986 U 6 Uranus X Synnott, Voyager 2[74][75]
Rosalind S/1986 U 4 Uranus XIII Synnott, Voyager 2[74][75]
Belinda S/1986 U 5 Uranus XIV Synnott, Voyager 2[74][75]
i: January 20, 1986
p: January 27, 1986
Cordelia S/1986 U 7 Uranus VI Terrile, Voyager 2[76]
Ophelia S/1986 U 8 Uranus VII Terrile, Voyager 2[76]
i: January 23, 1986
p: January 27, 1986
Bianca S/1986 U 9 Uranus VIII Smith, Voyager 2[76]
i: June 16, 1989
p: July 7, 1989
Proteus S/1989 N 1 Neptune VIII Synnott, Voyager 2[77]
i: July 28, 1989
p: August 2, 1989
Despina S/1989 N 3 Neptune V Synnott, Voyager 2[72]
Galatea S/1989 N 4 Neptune VI Synnott, Voyager 2[72]
i: September 18, 1989
p: September 29, 1989
Thalassa S/1989 N 5 Neptune IV Terrile, Voyager 2[78]
Naiad S/1989 N 6 Neptune III Terrile, Voyager 2[78]
1990s
Date Name Designation Image Planet/Number Designation References/Notes
i: August 22, 1981
p: July 16, 1990
Pan* S/1981 S 13 Saturn XVIII Showalter, Voyager 2[79]
i: August 23, 1981
p: April 14, 1995
Pallene* (see below) S/1981 S 14 Gordon, Murray and Beurle[80][81]
i: September 6, 1997
p: October 31, 1997
Caliban S/1997 U 1 Uranus XVI Gladman, Nicholson, Burns, Kavelaars[82]
Sycorax S/1997 U 2 Uranus XVII Gladman, Nicholson, Burns, Kavelaars[82]
i: January 18, 1986
p: May 18, 1999
Perdita* S/1986 U 10 Uranus XXV Karkoschka, Voyager 2[83]
i: July 18, 1999
p: July 27, 1999
Setebos S/1999 U 1 Uranus XIX Kavelaars, Gladman, Holman, Petit, Scholl[84]
Stephano S/1999 U 2 Uranus XX Gladman, Holman, Kavelaars, Petit, Scholl[84]
i: July 18, 1999
p: September 4, 1999
Prospero S/1999 U 3 Uranus XVIII Holman, Kavelaars, Gladman, Petit, Scholl[85]
2000s
Date Name Designation Image Planet/Number Designation References/Notes
i: October 6, 1999
p: July 20, 2000
Callirrhoe S/1999 J 1 Jupiter XVII Scotti, Spahr, McMillan, Larsen, Montani, Gleason, Gehrels[86][87]
i: August 7, 2000
p: October 25, 2000
Ymir S/2000 S 1 Saturn XIX Gladman[88][89]
Paaliaq S/2000 S 2 Saturn XX Gladman[88][89]
i: September 23, 2000
p: October 25, 2000
Siarnaq S/2000 S 3 Saturn XXIX Gladman, Kavelaars[90][91]
Tarvos S/2000 S 4 Saturn XXI Kavelaars, Gladman[90][91]
i: August 7, 2000
p: November 18, 2000
Kiviuq S/2000 S 5 Saturn XXIV Gladman[91][92]
i: September 23, 2000
p: November 18, 2000
Ijiraq S/2000 S 6 Saturn XXII Kavelaars, Gladman[91][92]
i: November 21, 2000
p: November 25, 2000
Themisto* S/2000 J 1 Jupiter XVIII Sheppard, Jewitt, Fernández, Magnier (Rediscovered)[93][94]
i: September 23, 2000
p: December 7, 2000
Thrymr S/2000 S 7 Saturn XXX Gladman, Kavelaars[89][95]
Skathi S/2000 S 8 Saturn XXVII Kavelaars, Gladman[89][95]
Mundilfari S/2000 S 9 Saturn XXV Gladman, Kavelaars[89][95]
Erriapus S/2000 S 10 Saturn XXVIII Kavelaars, Gladman[91][96]
i: November 9, 2000
p: December 19, 2000
Albiorix S/2000 S 11 Saturn XXVI Holman, Spahr[97][98]
i: September 23, 2000
p: December 22, 2000
Suttungr S/2000 S 12 Saturn XXIII Gladman, Kavelaars[99][100]
Date Name Designation Image Planet/Number Designation References/Notes

21st centurySunting

21st century
Date Name Designation Image Planet/Number Designation References/Notes

i: November 23, 2000
p: January 5, 2001

Kalyke S/2000 J 2 Jupiter XXIII Sheppard, Jewitt, Fernández, Magnier, Dahm, Evans[101][102][103]
Iocaste S/2000 J 3 Jupiter XXIV
Erinome S/2000 J 4 Jupiter XXV
Harpalyke S/2000 J 5 Jupiter XXII
Isonoe S/2000 J 6 Jupiter XXVI
Praxidike S/2000 J 7 Jupiter XXVII
i: November 25, 2000
p: January 5, 2001
Megaclite S/2000 J 8 Jupiter XIX Sheppard, Jewitt, Fernández, Magnier, Dahm, Evans[101][103]
Taygete S/2000 J 9 Jupiter XX
i: November 26, 2000
p: January 5, 2001
Chaldene S/2000 J 10 Jupiter XXI
i: December 5, 2000
p: January 5, 2001
S/2000 J 11
Date Name Designation Image Planet/Number Designation References/Notes
i: December 9, 2001
p: May 16, 2002
Hermippe S/2001 J 3 Jupiter XXX Sheppard, Jewitt, Kleyna[104][105]
Eurydome S/2001 J 4 Jupiter XXXII
Sponde S/2001 J 5 Jupiter XXXVI
Kale S/2001 J 8 Jupiter XXXVII
i: December 10, 2001
p: May 16, 2002
Autonoe S/2001 J 1 Jupiter XXVIII
i: December 11, 2001
p: May 16, 2002
Thyone S/2001 J 2 Jupiter XXIX
Pasithee S/2001 J 6 Jupiter XXXVIII
Euanthe S/2001 J 7 Jupiter XXXIII
Orthosie S/2001 J 9 Jupiter XXXV
Euporie S/2001 J 10 Jupiter XXXIV
Aitne S/2001 J 11 Jupiter XXXI
i: August 13, 2001
p: September 30, 2002
Trinculo S/2001 U 1 Uranus XXI Holman, Kavelaars, Milisavljevic[106][107]
i: October 31, 2002
p: December 18, 2002
Arche S/2002 J 1 Jupiter XLIII Sheppard, Meech, Hsieh, Tholen, Tonry[108][109]
Date Name Designation Image Planet/Number Designation References/Notes
i: July 23, 2002
p: January 13, 2003
Sao S/2002 N 2 Neptune XI Holman, Kavelaars, Grav, Fraser, Milisavljevic[110][111]
i: August 10, 2002
p: January 13, 2003
Halimede S/2002 N 1 Neptune IX
i: August 11, 2002
p: January 13, 2003
Laomedeia S/2002 N 3 Neptune XII
i: February 5, 2003
p: March 4, 2003
Eukelade S/2003 J 1 Jupiter XLVII Sheppard, Jewitt, Kleyna, Fernández, Hsieh[112][113]
S/2003 J 2
S/2003 J 3
S/2003 J 4
i: February 6, 2003
p: March 4, 2003
S/2003 J 5
Helike S/2003 J 6 Jupiter XLV
i: February 8, 2003
p: March 4, 2003
Aoede S/2003 J 7 Jupiter XLI
i: February 8, 2003
p: March 6, 2003
Hegemone S/2003 J 8 Jupiter XXXIX Sheppard, Jewitt, Kleyna, Fernández[114][115]
i: February 6, 2003
p: March 7, 2003
S/2003 J 9 Sheppard, Jewitt, Kleyna, Fernández[116][117]
S/2003 J 10
Kallichore S/2003 J 11 Jupiter XLIV
i: February 8, 2003
p: March 7, 2003
S/2003 J 12
i: February 9, 2003
p: April 2, 2003
Cyllene S/2003 J 13 Jupiter XLVIII Sheppard, Jewitt, Kleyna[118][119]
i: February 8, 2003
p: April 3, 2003
Kore S/2003 J 14 Jupiter XLIX Sheppard, Jewitt, Kleyna[118][120]
i: February 6, 2003
p: April 3, 2003
S/2003 J 15 Sheppard, Jewitt, Kleyna, Fernández[118][121]
S/2003 J 16 Gladman, Sheppard, Jewitt, Kleyna, Kavelaars, Petit, Allen[118][122]
i: February 8, 2003
p: April 3, 2003
Herse S/2003 J 17 Jupiter L Gladman, Sheppard, Jewitt, Kleyna, Kavelaars, Petit, Allen[118][123]
i: February 6, 2003
p: April 4, 2003
S/2003 J 18 Gladman, Kavelaars, Petit, Allen, Sheppard, Jewitt, Kleyna[118][124]
i: February 5, 2003
p: April 8, 2003
Narvi S/2003 S 1 Saturn XXXI Sheppard, Jewitt, Kleyna[118][125]
i: February 6, 2003
p: April 12, 2003
S/2003 J 19 Gladman, Sheppard, Jewitt, Kleyna, Kavelaars, Petit, Allen[126][127]
i: February 9, 2003
p: April 14, 2003
Carpo S/2003 J 20 Jupiter XLVI Sheppard, Gladman, Kavelaars, Petit, Allen, Jewitt, Kleyna[126][128]
i: February 6, 2003
p: May 29, 2003
Mneme S/2003 J 21 Jupiter XL Sheppard, Jewitt, Kleyna, Gladman, Kavelaars, Petit, Allen[129][130]
i: January 18, 1986
p: September 3, 2003
Perdita* S/1986 U 10 Uranus XXV Karkoschka (Recovered by the Hubble Space Telescope)[83][131]
i: August 29, 2003
p: September 3, 2003
Psamathe S/2003 N 1 Neptune X Jewitt, Kleyna, Sheppard, Holman, Kavelaars[132][133]
i: August 25, 2003
p: September 25, 2003
Mab S/2003 U 1 Uranus XXVI Showalter, Lissauer[134]
Cupid S/2003 U 2 Uranus XXVII
i: August 13, 2001
p: September 30, 2003
Ferdinand* S/2001 U 2 Uranus XXIV 2001: Holman, Kavelaars, Milisavljevic;
2003: Scott S. Sheppard, David C. Jewitt[135][136]
i: August 14, 2002
p: September 30, 2003
Neso* S/2002 N 4 Neptune XIII Holman, Kavelaars, Grav, Fraser, Milisavljevic[135][137]
i: August 13, 2001
p: October 8, 2003
Francisco* S/2001 U 3 Uranus XXII Holman, Kavelaars, Milisavljevic, Gladman[138]
i: August 29, 2003
p: October 9, 2003
Margaret S/2003 U 3 Uranus XXIII Sheppard, Jewitt[139][140]
Date Name Designation Image Planet/Number Designation References/Notes
i: February 9, 2003
p: January 24, 2004
Thelxinoe* S/2003 J 22 Jupiter XLII Sheppard, Jewitt, Kleyna, Gladman, Kavelaars, Petit, Allen[141][142]
(From images taken in 2003)
i: February 6, 2003
p: January 31, 2004
S/2003 J 23* Sheppard, Jewitt, Kleyna, Fernández[143][144]
o: November 14, 2003
p: March 15, 2004
Sedna 2003 VB12 Detached object Brown, Trujillo and Rabinowitz[145]
i: June 1, 2004
p: August 16, 2004
Methone* S/2004 S 1 Saturn XXXII Cassini-Huygens[146][147]
Pallene S/2004 S 2
=S/1981 S 14
Saturn XXXIII
i: June 21, 2004
p: September 9, 2004
S/2004 S 3 Cassini-Huygens[148][149]
i: June 21?, 2004
p: September 9, 2004
S/2004 S 4 Cassini-Huygens[148][149]
i: October 21, 2004
o: October 24, 2004
p: November 8, 2004
Polydeuces S/2004 S 5 Saturn XXXIV Cassini-Huygens[150]
i: October 28, 2004
p: November 8, 2004
S/2004 S 6
i: May 6, 2004
o: December 28, 2004
p: July 29, 2005
Haumea 2003 EL61 Dwarf planet Ortiz, Aceituno and Santos-Sanz or Brown, Trujillo and Rabinowitz
Date Name Designation Image Planet/Number Designation References/Notes
i: December 12, 2004
p: May 3, 2005
S/2004 S 7 Sheppard, Jewitt, Kleyna, Marsden[151][152][153][154]
Fornjot S/2004 S 8 Saturn XLII
Farbauti S/2004 S 9 Saturn XL
Aegir S/2004 S 10 Saturn XXXVI
Bebhionn S/2004 S 11 Saturn XXXVII
S/2004 S 12
S/2004 S 13
Hati S/2004 S 14 Saturn XLIII
Bergelmir S/2004 S 15 Saturn XXXVIII
i: December 13, 2004
p: May 3, 2005
Fenrir S/2004 S 16 Saturn XLI
S/2004 S 17
Bestla S/2004 S 18 Saturn XXXIX
i: May 1, 2005
p: May 6, 2005
Daphnis S/2005 S 1 Saturn XXXV Cassini-Huygens[155]
i: October 21, 2003
o: January 5, 2005
p: July 29, 2005
Eris 2003 UB313 Dwarf planet Brown, Trujillo and Rabinowitz[156]
o: January 26, 2005
p: July 29, 2005
Hi'iaka S/2005 (2003 EL61) 1 Haumea I Brown, Trujillo, Rabinowitz
i: March 31, 2005
p: July 29, 2005
Makemake 2005 FY9 Dwarf planet Brown, Trujillo and Rabinowitz[157]
o: June 30, 2005
p: July 29, 2005
Namaka S/2005 (2003 EL61) 2 Haumea II Brown, Trujillo, Rabinowitz
i: September 10, 2005
p: October 3, 2005
Dysnomia S/2005 (2003 UB313) 1 Eris I Brown, van Dam, Bouchez, Le Mignant, Campbell, Chin, Conrad, Hartman, Johansson, Lafon, Rabinowitz, Stomski, Summers, Trujillo, Wizinowich[158]
i: May 15, 2005
o: June 15, 2005
p: October 31, 2005
Nix S/2005 P 2 Pluto II Weaver, Stern, Mutchler, Steffl, Buie, Merline,
Spencer, Young, Young[159]
Hydra S/2005 P 1 Pluto III
Date Name Designation Image Planet/Number Designation References/Notes
i: December 12, 2004
o: March 6, 2006(?)
p: June 26, 2006
Hyrrokkin S/2004 S 19 Saturn XLIV Sheppard, Jewitt, Kleyna[160][161]
i: January 4, 2006
o: March 6, 2006(?)
p: June 26, 2006
S/2006 S 1 Sheppard, Jewitt, Kleyna[161][162]
Kari S/2006 S 2 Saturn XLV
i: January 5, 2006
o: March 6, 2006 (?)
p: June 26, 2006
S/2006 S 3
Greip S/2006 S 4 Saturn LI
Loge S/2006 S 5 Saturn XLVI
Jarnsaxa S/2006 S 6 Saturn L
Surtur S/2006 S 7 Saturn XLVIII
Skoll S/2006 S 8 Saturn XLVII
Date Name Designation Image Planet/Number Designation References/Notes
i: January 5, 2006
o: January 16, 2007 (?)
p: April 13, 2007
Tarqeq S/2007 S 1 Saturn LII Sheppard, Jewitt, Kleyna[163][164]
i: January 18, 2007
o:
p: May 1, 2007
S/2007 S 2 Sheppard, Jewitt, Kleyna[164][165]
S/2007 S 3
i: June, 2004
o: May 30, 2007
p: July 18, 2007
Anthe S/2007 S 4 Saturn XLIX Cassini-Huygens[166]
i: August 15, 2008
p: March 3, 2009
Aegaeon S/2008 S 1 Saturn LIII Cassini-Huygens[167]
i: July 26, 2009
o:
p: November 2, 2009
S/2009 S 1 Cassini-Huygens[168]
Date Name Designation Image Planet/Number Designation References/Notes

See alsoSunting

External linksSunting

ReferencesSunting

  1. ^ A. Sachs (May 2, 1974). "Babylonian Observational Astronomy". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Royal Society of London. 276 (1257): 43–50 [45 & 48–9]. Dicapai pada 12/03/2010. Periksa date values in: |accessdate= (bantuan)
  2. ^ Galilei, Galileo; Sidereus Nuncius, Thomam Baglionum (Tommaso Baglioni), Venice (March 1610), pp. 17–28 (q.v.)
  3. ^ Drake, Stillman (1981). Galileo at Work. Courier Dover Publications. ISBN 9780486495422. Parameter |pg= yang tidak diketahui diendahkan (bantuan)
  4. ^ One of the moons may have been recorded by the Chinese astronomer Gan De in 364 BC.
  5. ^ The first date on which Io and Europa were observed separately. Galileo had, however, already observed their combined light as a single point on January 7.
  6. ^ Huygens, Christiaan; De Saturni luna observatio nova, Adriaan Vlacq, Den Haag, 5 March 1656 (if an error occurs, go to this URL, and click "Scientific work")
  7. ^ Cassini, Giovanni D.; Découverte de deux nouvelles planètes autour de Saturne, Sébastien Mabre-Cramoisy, Paris, 1673. Translated as A Discovery of two New Planets about Saturn, made in the Royal Parisian Observatory by Signor Cassini, Fellow of both the Royal Societys, of England and France; English't out of French., Philosophical Transactions, Vol. 8 (1673), pp. 5178–5185
  8. ^ Cassini published these two discoveries on April 22, 1686, according to An Extract of the Journal Des Scavans. of April 22 st. N. 1686. Giving an account of two new Satellites of Saturn, discovered lately by Mr. Cassini at the Royal Observatory at Paris., Philosophical Transactions, Vol. 16 (1686–1692), pp. 79–85
  9. ^ Herschel, William; Account of a Comet. By Mr. Herschel, F. R. S.; communicated by Dr. Watson, Jun. of Bath, F. R. S., Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Vol. 71, pp. 492–501
  10. ^ Herschel, William; An Account of the Discovery of Two Satellites revolving round the Georgian Planet, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Vol. 77, pp. 125–129, 1787
  11. ^ Herschel, William; On George's Planet and its satellites, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Vol. 78, pp. 364–378, 1788
  12. ^ Herschel, William; On the Discovery of Four Additional Satellites of the Georgium Sidus. The Retrograde Motion of Its Old Satellites Announced; And the Cause of Their Disappearance at Certain Distances from the Planet Explained, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Vol. 88, pp. 47–79, 1798
  13. ^ Jodra, Serge; Les satellites de Saturne (2004)
  14. ^ Herschel, William; Account of the Discovery of a Sixth and Seventh Satellite of the Planet Saturn; with Remarks on the Construction of its Ring, its Atmosphere, its Rotation on an Axis, and its spheroidical Figure, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Vol. 80, pp. 1–20, 1790 (read November 12, 1789)
  15. ^ Airy, George Biddell; Account of some circumstances historically connected with the discovery of the Planet exterior to Uranus, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 7, No. 9 (13 November 1846), pp. 121–152
  16. ^ Account of the Discovery of the Planet of Le Verrier at Berlin, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 7, No. 9 (13 November 1846), pp. 153–157
  17. ^ Lassell, William; Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 7, No. 9 (13 November 1846), reported in Account of the Discovery of the Planet of Le Verrier at Berlin, ibid., pp. 153–157
  18. ^ Discovery of a new Satellite of Saturn, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 9, No. 1 (10 November 1848), pp. 1–2
  19. ^ Discovery of a new Satellite of Saturn, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 8 No. 9 Supplement (undated, some time after 24 September 1848), pp. 195–197
  20. ^ Letter from William Lassell, Esq., to the Editor, Astronomical Journal, Vol. 2, No. 33 (1851), p. 70 (signed 11 November 1851)
  21. ^ Christie, William H. M.; The Satellites of Mars, The Observatory, Vol. 1, No. 6 (20 September 1877), pp. 181–185
  22. ^ Hall, Asaph; Observations of the Satellites of Mars (signed 21 September 1877), Astronomische Nachrichten, Vol. 91, No. 2161 (17 October 1877), pp. 11/12–13/14
  23. ^ Hall, Asaph; The Discovery of the Satellites of Mars (signed 28 December 1877), Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 38, No. 4 (8 February 1878), pp. 205–209
  24. ^ Barnard, Edward E.; Discovery and Observations of a Fifth Satellite to Jupiter (signed 17 September 1892), Astronomical Journal, Vol. 12, No. 11 (whole No. 275, 4 October 1892), pp. 81–85
  25. ^ Pickering, Edward C.; A New Satellite of Saturn, Harvard College Observatory Bulletin, No. 49 (17 March 1899), p. 1
  26. ^ Pickering, Edward C.; A New Satellite of Saturn (signed 10 April 1899), Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 9, No. 4 (April 1899), pp. 274–276
  27. ^ Campbell, William W.;Sixth Satellite of Jupiter, Harvard College Observatory Bulletin, No. 173 (6 January 1905), p. 1
  28. ^ Perrine, Charles D.; Discovery of a Sixth Satellite to Jupiter (signed 30 January 1905), Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Vol. 17, No. 100 (10 February 1905), pp. 22–23
  29. ^ Aitken, Robert G.; Visual Observation of Satellite VI to Jupiter (signed 30 January 1905), Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Vol. 17, No. 100 (10 February 1905), pp. 23–24
  30. ^ Discovery of a Sixth Satellite of Jupiter, Astronomical Journal, Vol. 24, No. 19 (whole No. 571, 28 March 1905), p. 160
  31. ^ a b Perrine, Charles D.; Orbits of the sixth and seventh satellites of Jupiter (signed 28 May 1905), Astronomische Nachrichten, Vol. 169, No. 4035 (24 July 1905), p. 43/44
  32. ^ Campbell, William W.; A Seventh Satellite of Jupiter, Harvard College Observatory Bulletin, No. 178 (27 February 1905), p. 1
  33. ^ The Seventh Satellite of Jupiter (signed 30 March 1905), Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Vol. 17, No. 101 (10 April 1905), pp. 56–57
  34. ^ Perrine, Charles D.; Recent Observations of the Moving Object near Jupiter, Discovered at Greenwich by Mr. J. Melotte (signed 21 May 1908), Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Vol. 20, No. 120 (10 June 1908), p. 184
  35. ^ Cowell, Philip H.; Note on the discovery of a Moving Object near Jupiter (1908 CJ), Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 68, No. 5 (13 March 1908), p. 373
  36. ^ Nicholson, Seth B.; Discovery of the Ninth Satellite of Jupiter (signed 17 September 1914), Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Vol. 26, No. 155 (October 1914), pp. 197–198
  37. ^ Tombaugh, Clyde W.; The Search for the Ninth Planet, Pluto, Astronomical Society of the Pacific Leaflets, Vol. 5, No. 209 (July 1946), pp. 73–80
  38. ^ a b Nicholson, Seth B.; Two New Satellites of Jupiter (signed August 1938), Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Vol. 50, No. 297 (October 1938), pp. 292–293
  39. ^ Kuiper, Gerard P.; The Fifth Satellite of Uranus, Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Vol. 61, No. 360 (June 1949), p. 129
  40. ^ Kuiper, Gerard P.; The Second Satellite of Neptune, Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Vol. 61, No. 361 (August 1949), pp. 175–176
  41. ^ Vinter Hansen, Julie M.; Object Near Neptune, IAUC 1212 (1 April 1949)
  42. ^ Nicholson, Seth B.; An Unidentified Object Near Jupiter, Probably a New Satellite, Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Vol. 63, No. 375 (December 1951), pp. 297–299
  43. ^ Gingerich, Owen; Probable New Satellite of Saturn, IAUC 1987 (3 January 1967)
  44. ^ Gingerich, Owen; Saturn X (Janus), IAUC 1995 (1 February 1967)
  45. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; New Ring and Satellites of Saturn, IAUC 3417 (25 October 1979)
  46. ^ a b c Marsden, Brian G.; Saturn, IAUC 3454 (25 February 1980)
  47. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; 1980 S 2, IAUC 3456 (29 February 1980)
  48. ^ a b c Marsden, Brian G.; Saturn, IAUC 3497 (4 August 1980)
  49. ^ Gingerich, Owen; Possible New Satellite of Saturn, IAUC 1991 (6 January 1967)
  50. ^ Kowal, Charles T.; Thirteenth satellite of Jupiter, Astronomical Journal, Vol. 80, No. 6 (June 1975), pp. 460–464
  51. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; Probable New Satellite of Jupiter, IAUC 2702 (20 September 1974)
  52. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; Probable New Satellite of Jupiter, IAUC 2703 (1 October 1974)
  53. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; Jupiter XIII, IAUC 2711 (24 October 1974)
  54. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; Probable New Satellite of Jupiter, IAUC 2845 (3 October 1975)
  55. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; Probable New Satellite of Jupiter, IAUC 2855 (23 October 1975)
  56. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; Probable New Satellite of Jupiter, IAUC 2899 (9 January 1976)
  57. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; 1978 P 1, IAUC 3241 (7 July 1978)
  58. ^ Christy, James W.; Harrington, Robert S.; The satellite of Pluto, Astronomical Journal, Vol. 83, No. 8 (August 1978), pp. 1005–1008
  59. ^ Jewitt, David C., Danielson, G. Edward, Synnott, Stephen P.; Discovery of a new Jupiter satellite, Science, Vol. 206, No. 4421 (23 November 1979), p. 951
  60. ^ a b Marsden, Brian G.; Satellites of Jupiter, IAUC 3470 (28 April 1980)
  61. ^ a b c Marsden, Brian G.; Satellites of Jupiter, IAUC 3507 (26 August 1980)
  62. ^ Hamilton, Calvin J.; Discovery Image of Adrastea, Views of the Solar System (1995–2007)
  63. ^ Jovian System Data Analysis Program; Voyager 2 Jupiter Image 20630.53, NASA Planetary Data System Rings Node (20 February 1997)
  64. ^ a b Marsden, Brian G.; Saturn, IAUC 3457 (6 March 1980)
  65. ^ a b c Marsden, Brian G.; Satellites of Saturn, IAUC 3483 (6 June 1980)
  66. ^ a b c d Marsden, Brian G.; Satellites of Saturn, IAUC 3496 (31 July 1980)
  67. ^ a b c d e Marsden, Brian G.; Satellites of Saturn, IAUC 3534 (7 November 1980)
  68. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; Satellites of Saturn, IAUC 3466 (10 April 1980)
  69. ^ a b Marsden, Brian G.; Satellites of Saturn, IAUC 3532 (31 October 1980)
  70. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; 1980 S 28, IAUC 3539 (13 November 1980)
  71. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; 1981 N 1, IAUC 3608 (29 May 1981)
  72. ^ a b c Marsden, Brian G.; Satellites of Neptune, IAUC 4824 (2 August 1989)
  73. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; Satellites of Uranus and Neptune, IAUC 4159 (9 January 1986)
  74. ^ a b c d e f Marsden, Brian G.; Satellites of Uranus, IAUC 4164 (16 January 1986)
  75. ^ a b c d e f Marsden, Brian G.; Satellites of Uranus, IAUC 4165 (17 January 1986)
  76. ^ a b c Marsden, Brian G.; Satellites and Rings of Uranus, IAUC 4168 (27 January 1986)
  77. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; 1989 N 1, IAUC 4806 (7 July 1989)
  78. ^ a b Marsden, Brian G.; Neptune, IAUC 4867 (29 September 1989)
  79. ^ Green, Daniel W. E.; Saturn, IAUC 5052 (16 July 1990)
  80. ^ Green, Daniel W. E.; Possible Satellites of Saturn, IAUC 6162 (14 April 1995)
  81. ^ Gordon, Mitchell K.; Murray, Carl D.; and Beurle, Kevin; Further Evidence for the Existence of Additional Small Satellites of Saturn, Icarus, Vol. 121, No. 1, (May 1996), pp. 114–125
  82. ^ a b Marsden, Brian G.; Satellites of Uranus, IAUC 6764 (31 October 1997)
  83. ^ a b Green, Daniel W. E.; S/1986 U 10, IAUC 7171 (18 May 1999)
  84. ^ a b Marsden, Brian G.; Probable New Satellites of Uranus, IAUC 7230 (27 July 1999)
  85. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; Probable New Satellites of Uranus, IAUC 7248 (4 September 1999)
  86. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; S/1999 J 1, IAUC 7460 (20 July 2000)
  87. ^ New Outer Satellite of Jupiter Discovered, Joint press release, Minor Planet Center and the Spacewatch Project (2000?)
  88. ^ a b Marsden, Brian G.; S/2000 S 1 and S/2000 S 2, IAUC 7512 (25 October 2000)
  89. ^ a b c d e Marsden, Brian G.; S/2000 S 1, S/2000 S 2, S/2000 S 7, S/2000 S 8, S/2000 S 9, MPEC 2000-Y15 (19 December 2000)
  90. ^ a b Marsden, Brian G.; S/2000 S 3 and S/2000 S 4, IAUC 7513 (25 October 2000)
  91. ^ a b c d e Marsden, Brian G.; S/2000 S 3, S/2000 S 4, S/2000 S 5, S/2000 S 6, S/2000 S 10, MPEC 2000-Y14 (19 December 2000)
  92. ^ a b Marsden, Brian G.; S/2000 S 5 and S/2000 S 6, IAUC 7521 (18 November 2000)
  93. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; S/1975 J 1 = S/2000 J 1, IAUC 7525 (25 November 2000)
  94. ^ S/1975 J 1 = S/2000 J 1, S/1999 J 1, MPEC 2000-Y16 (19 December 2000)
  95. ^ a b c Marsden, Brian G.; S/2000 S 7, S/2000 S 8, S/2000 S 9, IAUC 7538 (7 December 2000)
  96. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; S/2000 S 10, IAUC 7539 (7 December 2000)
  97. ^ Green, Daniel W. E.; S/2000 S 11, IAUC 7545 (19 December 2000)
  98. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; S/2000 S 11, MPEC 2000-Y13 (19 December 2000)
  99. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; S/2000 S 12, IAUC 7548 (23 December 2000)
  100. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; S/2000 S 12, MPEC 2000-Y33 (22 December 2000)
  101. ^ a b Green, Daniel W. E.; Satellites of Jupiter, IAUC 7555 (5 January 2001)
  102. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; S/2000 J 2, S/2000 J 3, S/2000 J 4, S/2000 J 5, S/2000 J 6, MPEC 2001-A28 (5 January 2001)
  103. ^ a b Marsden, Brian G.; S/2000 J 7, S/2000 J 8, S/2000 J 9, S/2000 J 10, S/2000 J 11, MPEC 2001-A29 (5 January 2001)
  104. ^ Green, Daniel W. E.; Satellites of Jupiter, IAUC 7900 (16 May 2002)
  105. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; Eleven New Satellites of Jupiter, MPEC 2002-J54 (15 May 2002)
  106. ^ Green, Daniel W. E.; S/2001 U 1, IAUC 7980 (30 September 2002)
  107. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; S/2001 U 1, MPEC 2002-S64 (30 September 2002)
  108. ^ Green, Daniel W. E.; S/2002 J 1, IAUC 8035 (18 December 2002)
  109. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; S/2002 J 1, MPEC 2002-Y22 (18 December 2002)
  110. ^ Green, Daniel W. E.; Satellites of Neptune, IAUC 8047 (13 January 2003)
  111. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; S/2002 N 1, 2002 N 2, 2002 N3, MPEC 2003-A75 (13 January 2003)
  112. ^ Green, Daniel W. E.; Satellites of Jupiter, IAUC 8087 (4 March 2003)
  113. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; S/2003 J 1, 2003 J 2, 2003 J 3, 2003 J 4, 2003 J 5, 2003 J 6, 2003 J 7, MPEC 2003-E11 (4 March 2003)
  114. ^ Green, Daniel W. E.; S/2003 J 8, IAUC 8088 (6 March 2003)
  115. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; S/2003 J 8, MPEC 2003-E15 (6 March 2003)
  116. ^ Green, Daniel W. E.; Satellites of Jupiter, IAUC 8089 (7 March 2003)
  117. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; S/2003 J 9, 2003 J 10, 2003 J 11, 2003 J 12; S/2003 J 1, 2003 J 6, MPEC 2003-E29 (7 March 2003)
  118. ^ a b c d e f g Green, Daniel W. E.; Satellites of Jupiter and Saturn, IAUC 8116 (11 April 2003)
  119. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; S/2003 J 13, MPEC 2003-G09 (2 April 2003)
  120. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; S/2003 J 14, MPEC 2003-G10 (3 April 2003)
  121. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; S/2003 J 15, MPEC 2003-G17 (3 April 2003)
  122. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; S/2003 J 16, MPEC 2003-G18 (3 April 2003)
  123. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; S/2003 J 17, MPEC 2003-G19 (3 April 2003)
  124. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; S/2003 J 18, MPEC 2003-G20 (4 April 2003)
  125. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; S/2003 S 1, MPEC 2003-G39 (8 April 2003)
  126. ^ a b Green, Daniel W. E.; S/2003 J 19 and S/2003 J 20, IAUC 8125 (30 April 2003)
  127. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; S/2003 J 19, MPEC 2003-G64 (12 April 2003)
  128. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; S/2003 J 20, MPEC 2003-G67 (14 April 2003)
  129. ^ Green, Daniel W. E.; S/2003 J 21, IAUC 8138 (30 May 2003)
  130. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; S/2003 J 21, MPEC 2003-K45 (29 May 2003)
  131. ^ Green, Daniel W. E.; Satellites of Uranus, IAUC (3 September 2003)
  132. ^ Green, Daniel W. E.; Satellites of Neptune, IAUC 8193 (3 September 2003)
  133. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; S/2003 N 1, MPEC 2003-G64 (3 September 2003)
  134. ^ Green, Daniel W. E.; S/2003 U 1 and S/2003 U 2, IAUC 8209 (25 September 2003)
  135. ^ a b Green, Daniel W. E.; S/2001 U 2 and S/2002 N 4, IAUC 8213 (1 October 2003)
  136. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; S/2001 U 2, MPEC 2003-S105 (30 September 2003)
  137. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; S/2002 N 4, MPEC 2003-S107 (30 September 2003)
  138. ^ Green, Daniel W. E.; S/2001 U 3, IAUC 8216 (8 October 2003)
  139. ^ Green, Daniel W. E.; S/2003 U 3, IAUC 8217 (9 October 2003)
  140. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; S/2003 U 3, MPEC 2003-T58 (9 October 2003)
  141. ^ Green, Daniel W. E.; S/2003 J 22, IAUC (25 January 2004)
  142. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; S/2003 J 22, MPEC 2004-B41 (24 January 2004)
  143. ^ Green, Daniel W. E.; S/2003 J 23, IAUC 8281 (4 February 2004)
  144. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; S/2003 J 23, MPEC 2004-B81 (31 January 2004)
  145. ^ Whitney Clavin, NASA (March 15, 2004). "Planet-Like Body Discovered at Fringes of Our Solar System". Dicapai pada December 30, 2008.
  146. ^ Martinez, Carolina; Savage, Donald; and Finn, Heidi; Out from the Shadows: Two New Saturnian Moons, JPL Cassini-Huygens News Release 2004-202 (16 August 2004)
  147. ^ Green, Daniel W. E.; S/2004 S 1 and S/2004 S 2, IAUC 8389 (16 August 2004)
  148. ^ a b Martinez, Carolina; Ormrod, Gill; and Finn, Heidi; Cassini Discovers Ring and One, Possibly Two, Objects at Saturn, JPL Cassini-Huygens News Release 2004-222 (9 September 2004)
  149. ^ a b Green, Daniel W. E.; S/2004 S 3, S/2004 S 4, and R/2004 S 1, IAUC 8401 (9 september 2004)
  150. ^ Green, Daniel W. E.; Satellites and Rings of Saturn, IAUC 8432 (8 November 2004)
  151. ^ Lakdawalla, Emily; Twelve New Moons for Saturn, The Planetary Society, Planetary News: Moon Discoveries (2005)
  152. ^ Jewitt, David C.; Twelve New Moons for Saturn (3 May 2005)
  153. ^ Green, Daniel W. E.; New Satellites of Saturn, IAUC 8523 (4 May 2005)
  154. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; Twelve New Satellites of Saturn, MPEC 2005-J13 (3 May 2005)
  155. ^ Green, Daniel W. E.; S/2005 S 1, IAUC 8524 (6 May 2005)
  156. ^ Michael E. Brown (2006). "The discovery of 2003 UB313 Eris, the largest known dwarf planet". Dicapai pada 2007-05-03.
  157. ^ "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 136472 Makemake (2005 FY9)". NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory. 2008-04-05. Dicapai pada 2008-06-11.
  158. ^ Michael E. Brown (2006). "Dysnomia, the moon of Eris". Dicapai pada 2007-09-01.
  159. ^ Green, Daniel W. E.; S/2005 P 1 and S/2005 P 2, IAUC 8625 (31 October 2005) (also as a pdf)
  160. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; S/2004 S 19, MPEC 2006-M44 (26 June 2006)
  161. ^ a b Green, Daniel W. E.; Satellites of Saturn, IAUC 8727 (30 June 2006)
  162. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; Eight New Satellites of Saturn, MPEC 2006-M45 (26 June 2006)
  163. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; S/2007 S 1, MPEC 2007-G38 (13 April 2007)
  164. ^ a b Green, Daniel W. E.; S/2007 S 1, S/2007 S 2, and S/2007 S 3, IAUC 8836 (11 May 2007)
  165. ^ Marsden, Brian G.; S/2007 S 2, S/2007 S 3, MPEC 2007-J09 (1 May 2007)
  166. ^ Green, Daniel W. E.; S/2007 S 4, IAUC 8857 (18 July 2007)
  167. ^ Green, Daniel W. E.; S/2008 S 1, IAUC 9023 (03 March 2009) subscription required (freely available copy)
  168. ^ Green, Daniel W. E.; S/2009 S 1, IAUC 9091 (2 November 2009)