Asia Tenggara

Asia Tenggara ialah kawasan geografi yang terletak di tenggara Asia, yang meliputi kawasan selatan China, tenggara benua kecil India dan barat laut Australia.[3] Asia Tenggara bersempadan dengan Asia Timur di utara, di sebelah barat Asia Selatan dan Teluk Benggala, di sebelah timur Oceania dan Lautan Pasifik, dan di selatan Australia dan Lautan Hindi. Selain Wilayah Lautan Hindi British dan dua daripada 26 pulau batu karang Maldives di Asia Selatan, Asia Tenggara ialah satu-satunya wilayah Asia yang berada dalam Hemisfera Selatan. Kebanyakan kawasan masih berada di Hemisfera Utara. Hanya Timor Leste dan bahagian selatan Indonesia sahaja kawasan yang berada di selatan Khatulistiwa.

Asia Tenggara
Southeast Asia (orthographic projection).svg
Kawasan4,545,792 km2 (1,755,140 bt2)
Penduduk641,775,797 (3rd)[1]
Ketumpatan penduduk135.6/km2 (351/sq mi)
KDNK (PPP)$9.727 trilion[2]
KDNK (nominal)$3.317 trilion (kadar pertukaran)
KDNK per kapita$5,017 (kadar pertukaran)
HDI 0.723
Kelompok etnikMasyarakat asal
Austroasia, Austronesia, Negrito, Lolo-Burma dan Tai
Masyarakat Asia Timur
Han
AgamaAnimisme, Buddha, Kristian, Konfusianisme, Hinduisme, Islam, Agama rakyat Tai, Taoisme dan Agama rakyat Vietnam
DemonimOrang Asia Tenggara
Negara
Wilayah tanggungan
Bahasa
Zon masa
TLD Internet.bn, .id, .kh, .la, .mm, .my, .ph, .sg, .th, .tl, .vn
Kod panggilanZone 6 & 8
Bandar terbesar
Kod M49 PBB035 – South-eastern Asia
142Asia
001World

RujukanSunting

  1. ^ "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". ESA.UN.org (data tersuai diperlukan melalui tapak sesawang). Jabatan Hal Ehwal Ekonomi dan Sosial Pertubuhan Bangsa-Bangsa Bersatu, Bahagian Populasi. Dicapai pada 10 September 2017.
  2. ^ ASEAN Community in Figures (ACIF) 2013 (PDF) (ed. 6th). Jakarta: ASEAN. Februari 2014. m/s. 1. ISBN 978-602-7643-73-4. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal (PDF) pada 4 September 2015. Dicapai pada 9 Mei 2015.
  3. ^ Klaus Kästle (10 September 2013). "Map of Southeast Asia Region". Nations Online Project. One World – Nations Online. Dicapai pada 10 September 2013. Southeast Asia is a vast subregion of Asia, roughly described as geographically situated east of the Indian subcontinent, south of China, and northwest of Australia. The region is located between the Indian Ocean and the Bay of Bengal in the west, the Philippine Sea, the South China Sea, and the Pacific Ocean in the east.

CatatanSunting

Bacaan lanjutSunting

  • Acharya, Amitav. The making of Southeast Asia: International relations of a region (Cornell UP, 2013).
  • Ang, Cheng Guan. Southeast Asia After the Cold War: A Contemporary History (Singapore: NUS Press, 2019) online review
  • Ang, Cheng Guan. Southeast Asia’s Cold War: An Interpretive History (University of Hawai’i Press, 2018). online review
  • Barwise, J. M., and Nicholas J. White. A traveller's history of Southeast Asia (2002) online
  • Cady, John F. Southeast Asia: its historical development (McGraw-Hill, 1964) online
  • Cady, John F. The roots of French imperialism in Eastern Asia (1954) online
  • Coedes, George. The Making of South East Asia (2nd ed. U of California Press, 1983).
  • Dutt, Ashok K. Southeast Asia: A Ten Nation Region (1996) excerpt
  • Embree, Ainslie T., ed. Encyclopedia of Asian history (1988)
  • Heidhues, Mary Somers. Southeast Asia : a concise history (2000) online
  • Leinbach, Thomas R., and Richard Ulack. Southeast Asia: diversity and development (Prentice Hall, 1999) online.
  • Levinson, David, and Karen Christensen, eds. Encyclopedia of Modern Asia. (6 vol. Charles Scribner's Sons, 2002).
  • Osborne, Milton. Region of revolt: focus on Southeast Asia (Elsevier, 2013). online
  • Osborne, Milton (2010; first published in 1979). Southeast Asia: An Introductory History Allen & Unwin. ISBN 978-1-74237-302-7 online
  • Osborne, Milton. River at risk: the Mekong and water politics of China and Southeast Asia (Longueville Media, 2004).
  • Reid, Anthony (1999). Charting the Shape of Early Modern Southeast Asia Silkworm Books. ISBN 978-974-7551-06-8
  • Swearer, Donald K. The Buddhist World of Southeast Asia (2nd ed. 2010) online
  • Ulack, Richard, and Gyula Pauer. Atlas of Southeast Asia (Macmillan, 1989) online.
  • Williams, Lea E. Southeast Asia : a history (1976) online

Pautan luarSunting