Senarai angkasawan profesional mengikut nama

rencana senarai Wikimedia

Ini ialah senarai angkasawan profesional mengikut abjad. Ia terdiri daripada orang yang menjalani latihan menerusi program penerbangan angkasa manusia untuk mengawal, memandu, atau bertindak sebagai anak kapal angkasa lepas. Sehingga baru-baru ini, angkasawan dibiayai dan dilatih secara eksklusif oleh kerajaan, baik oleh agensi angkasa tentera mahupun oleh agensi angkasa awam. Bagaimanapun, dengan pelayaran suborbit SpaceShipOne yang pertama yang dibiayai oleh sektor swasta pada 2004, sebuah kategori angkasawan yang baharu telah dicipta – angkasawan komersil.

Sedangkan istilah angkasawan kekadang digunakan untuk sesiapa yang belayar ke ruang angkasa, termasuklah ahli sains, ahli politik, wartawan, dan pelancong, rencana ini hanya menyenaraikan angkasawan profesional. Senarai untuk sesiapa yang belayar ke ruang angkasa boleh didapati di Senarai pengembara angkasa mengikut nama.

Nama dalam huruf italik ialah angkasawan yang melewati orbit Bumi rendah, manakala nama dalam huruf tebal ialah angkasawan yang berjalan di atas bulan.

Bendera menunjukkan kerakyatan sewaktu angkasawan belayar. Setakat 2009, melebihi 500 orang telah dilatih sebagai angkasawan.

Isi kandungan
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

ASunting

  1.   Joseph M. AcabaSTS-119. Angkasawan Puerto Rico yang pertama
  2.   Loren ActonSTS-51-F
  3.   Mike Adams (1930–1967) X-15
  4.   James AdamsonSTS-28, STS-43
  5.  /  Viktor M. AfanasyevSoyuz TM-11, Soyuz TM-18, Soyuz TM-29, Soyuz TM-33/32
  6.   Thomas AkersSTS-41, STS-49, STS-61, STS-79
  7.   Vladimir AksyonovSoyuz 22, Soyuz T-2
  8.   Buzz Aldrin (dahulunya Edwin A. Aldrin) — Gemini 12, Apollo 11. Terbang di dalam Apollo 11 dan merupakan orang kedua yang berjalan di atas Bulan
  9.   Aleksandar Panayotov Aleksandrov
  10.   Aleksandr Pavlovich AleksandrovSoyuz T-9, Soyuz TM-3
  11.   Andrew M. AllenSTS-46, STS-62, STS-75
  12.   Joseph P. AllenSTS-5, STS-51-A
  13.   Scott AltmanSTS-90, STS-106, STS-109, STS-125
  14.   William AndersApollo 8
  15.   Clayton AndersonSTS-117/120
  16.   Michael P. Anderson, (1959–2003) — STS-89, STS-107. Maut dalam Nahas Bolak-balik Angkasa Lepas Columbia
  17.   Dominic A. AntonelliSTS-119
  18.   Jerome AptSTS-37, STS-47, STS-59, STS-79
  19.   Lee ArchambaultSTS-117, STS-119
  20.   Neil ArmstrongGemini 8, Apollo 11. Orang pertama yang berjalan di atas Bulan.[1][2]
  21.   Richard R. ArnoldSTS-119
  22.   Anatoly ArtsebarskySoyuz TM-12
  23.   Yuri Artyukhin (1930–1998) — Soyuz 14
  24.   Jeffrey AshbySTS-93, STS-100, STS-112
  25.   Oleg AtkovSoyuz T-10/11
  26.   Toktar AubakirovSoyuz TM-13/12. Orang Kazakh etnik yang pertama di angkasa lepas.
  27.   Sergei AvdeyevSoyuz TM-15, Soyuz TM-22

    BSunting

  28.   James Bagian, M.D.STS-29, STS-40
  29.   Ellen Baker, M.D. STS-34, STS-50, STS-71
  30.   Michael BakerSTS-43, STS-52, STS-68, STS-81
  31.   Aleksandr BalandinSoyuz TM-9
  32.   Michael R. Barratt, M.D.Soyuz TMA-14
  33.   Daniel BarrySTS-72, STS-96, STS-105
  34.   John-David F. BartoeSTS-51-F
  35.   Charlie Bassett (1931–1966) — Tiada penerbangan; ditetapkan untuk penerbangan Gemini 9 pada asalnya.
  36.   Yuri BaturinSoyuz TM-28/27, Soyuz TM-32/31. Ahli politik Rusia pertama di angkasa lepas
  37.   Patrick Baudry, Orang kelahiran Afrika yang pertama serta rakyat Perancis yang kedua di angkasa lepas
  38.   Alan BeanApollo 12, Skylab 3. Orang keempat yang berjalan di atas Bulan
  39.   Robert L. BehnkenSTS-123
  40.   Ivan Bella, orang Slovakia yang pertama di angkasa lepas
  41.   Pavel Belyayev (1925–1970) — Voskhod 2
  42.   Georgi Beregovoi (1921–1995) — Soyuz 3
  43.   Anatoli BerezovoySoyuz T-5/7
  44.   John BlahaSTS-29, STS-33, STS-43, STS-58, STS-79/81
  45.   Michael J. BloomfieldSTS-86, STS-97, STS-110
  46.   Guion BlufordSTS-8, STS-61-A, STS-39, STS-53. Orang Afrika-Amerika yang pertama di angkasa lepas
  47.   Karol BobkoSTS-6, STS-51-D, STS-51-J. Siswazah Akademi Tentera Udara Amerika Syarikat yang pertama untuk menjadi angkasawan
  48.   Eric A. BoeSTS-126
  49.   Charles BoldenSTS-61-C, STS-31, STS-45, STS-60
  50.   Roberta Bondar, M.D.   Wanita Kanada yang pertama di angkasa lepas
  51.   Andrei Borisenko — Tiada penerbangan
  52.   Frank BormanGemini 7, Apollo 8. Komander untuk Apollo 8, penerbangan angkasa yang pertama untuk mengorbit Bulan.
  53.   Stephen G. BowenSTS-126
  54.   Kenneth BowersoxSTS-50, STS-61, STS-73, STS-82, STS-113/Soyuz TMA-1
  55.   Charles Brady, M.D. (1951–2006) — STS-78
  56.   Vance BrandApollo-Soyuz Test Project, STS-5, STS-41-B, STS-35
  57.   Daniel BrandensteinSTS-8, STS-51-G, STS-32, STS-49
  58.   Randolph Bresnik - STS-129
  59.   Roy BridgesSTS-51-F. Menjadi Pengarah Pusat Angkasa Kennedy pada Mac 1997
  60.   Curtis BrownSTS-47, STS-66, STS-77, STS-85, STS-95, STS-103
  61.   David M. Brown (1956–2003) — STS-107. Maut dalam Nahas Bolak-balik Angkasa Lepas Columbia
  62.   Mark BrownSTS-28, STS-48
  63.   James BuchliSTS-51-C, STS-61-A, STS-29, STS-48
  64.   Jay Buckey, M.D.STS-90
  65.   Nikolai BudarinSTS-71/Soyuz TM-21, Soyuz TM-27, STS-113/Soyuz TMA-1
  66.   John S. Bull (1934-2008) — Tiada penerbangan
  67.   Daniel BurbankSTS-106, STS-115
  68.   Daniel BurschSTS-51, STS-68, STS-77, STS-108, STS-111
  69.   Valery BykovskyVostok 5, Soyuz 22, Soyuz 31/29

    CSunting

  70.   Robert CabanaSTS-41, STS-53, STS-65, STS-88
  71.   Vyonne Cagle, M.D.  — Tiada penerbangan
  72.   Fernando Caldeiro (1958-2009) — Tiada penerbangan
  73.   Tracy Caldwell STS-118
  74.   Charles CamardaSTS-114
  75.   Kenneth CameronSTS-37, STS-56, STS-74
  76.   Duane CareySTS-109
  77.   Scott CarpenterMercury 7 [3]
  78.   Gerald CarrSkylab 4
  79.   Sonny Carter, M.D., (1947–1991) — STS-33
  80.   John CasperSTS-36, STS-54, STS-62, STS-77
  81.   Christopher CassidySTS-127
  82.   Robert CenkerSTS-61-C
  83.   Gene CernanGemini 9A, Apollo 10, Apollo 17
  84.   Roger B. Chaffee (1935-1967), maut dalam nahas Apollo 1
  85.   Gregory ChamitoffSTS-124/126
  86.   /   Franklin Chang-DiazSTS-61-C, STS-34, STS-46, STS-60, STS-75, STS-91, STS-111. Angkasawan Amerika-Sepanyol yang pertama
  87.   /   Philip K. Chapman, angkasawan kelahiran Australia yang pertama – tiada penerbangan
  88.   /   Kalpana Chawla  (1961–2003) — STS-87, STS-107. Angkasawan wanita Amerika-India yang pertama; maut dalam nahas Bolak-balik Angkasa Lepas Columbia
  89.   Maurizio Cheli
  90.   Chen Quan, angkasawan simpanan bagi Shenzhou 7
  91.   Leroy ChiaoSTS-65, STS-72, STS-92, Soyuz TMA-5
  92.   Kevin ChiltonSTS-49, STS-59, STS-76
  93.   Jean-Loup Chrétien, angkasawan Perancis yang pertama serta juga orang Eropah bukan Soviet yang pertama untuk berjalan di angkasa lepas
  94.   Laurel B. Clark, M.D.  (1961–2003) — STS-107. Maut dalam nahas Bolak-balik Angkasa Lepas Columbia
  95.   Mary Cleave STS-61-B, STS-30
  96.   Jean-François Clervoy
  97.   Michael CliffordSTS-53, STS-59, STS-76
  98.   Michael CoatsSTS-41-D, STS-29, STS-39
  99.   Kenneth CockrellSTS-56, STS-69, STS-80, STS-98, STS-111
  100.   Catherine Coleman  STS-73, STS-93
  101.   Eileen Collins STS-63, STS-84, STS-93, STS-114
  102.   Michael Collins (lahir 1930) — Gemini 10, Apollo 11. Lahir di Rom kepada ibu bapa Amerika
  103.   Pete Conrad, Apollo 12, (1930–1999) — Gemini 5, Gemini 11, Apollo 12, Skylab 2. Orang ketiga untuk berjalan di Bulan dan komander bagi misi Skylab yang pertama
  104.   Gordon Cooper (1927–2004) — Mercury 9, Gemini 5. Orang Amerika yang pertama untuk terbang di angkasa lepas selama sehari [4][5]
  105.   Richard CoveySTS-51-I, STS-26, STS-38, STS-61
  106.   Timothy Creamer — Tiada penerbangan
  107.   John CreightonSTS-51-G, STS-36, STS-48
  108.   Robert CrippenSTS-1, STS-7, STS-41-C, STS-41-G. Terbang dalam misi Bolak-balik Angkasa Lepas yang pertama
  109.   Samantha Cristoforetti 
  110.   Roger CrouchSTS-83, STS-94
  111.   Frank CulbertsonSTS-38, STS-51, STS-105/108
  112.   Walter CunninghamApollo 7
  113.   Robert CurbeamSTS-85, STS-98, STS-116
  114.   Nancy Currie STS-57, STS-70, STS-88, STS-109

    DSunting

  115.   Nancy Jan Davis STS-47, STS-60, STS-85
  116.   Lawrence J. DeLucasSTS-50
  117.   Frank De Winne, angkasawan Agensi Angkasa Eropah (ESA) yang pertama untuk mengawal Stesen Angkasa Antarabangsa (ISS)
  118.   Vladimir N. DezhurovSoyuz TM-21/STS-71
  119.   Georgi Dobrovolski (1928–1971) — Soyuz 11
  120.   Takao Doi, Orang Jepun yang pertama untuk berjalan di angkasa lepas
  121.   B. Alvin DrewSTS-118
  122.   Brian DuffySTS-45, STS-57, STS-72, STS-92
  123.   Charles DukeApollo 16
  124.   Bonnie J. Dunbar STS-61-A, STS-32, STS-50, STS-71, STS-89
  125.   Pedro Duque, orang Sepanyol yang pertama di angkasa lepas
  126.   Samuel T. DurranceSTS-35, STS-67
  127.   James Dutton — Tiada penerbangan
  128.   Lev Dyomin (1926–1998) — Soyuz 15
  129.   Vladimir DzhanibekovSoyuz 27/26, Soyuz 39, Soyuz T-12, Soyuz T-13

    ESunting

  130.   Joe EdwardsSTS-89
  131.   Donn F. Eisele (1930–1987) — Apollo 7
  132.   Anthony W. EnglandSTS-51-F
  133.   Joe H. Engle — Penerbangan 138, 143, and 153, STS-2, STS-51-I X-15
  134.   Ronald Evans (1933–1990) — Apollo 17
  135.   Reinhold Ewald
  136.   Léopold Eyharts

    FSunting

  137.   John FabianSTS-7, STS-51-G
  138.   Muhammed Faris, orang Syria yang pertama di angkasa lepas
  139.   Bertalan Farkas, orang Hungary yang pertama di angkasa lepas
  140.   Jean-Jacques Favier
  141.   Fèi Jùnlóng
  142.   Konstantin Feoktistov (1926-2009) — Voskhod 1
  143.   Christopher FergusonSTS-115, STS-126
  144.   Martin J. FettmanSTS-58
  145.   Andrew J. FeustelSTS-125
  146.   Anatoli FilipchenkoSoyuz 7, Soyuz 16
  147.   Michael FinckeSoyuz TMA-4, Soyuz TMA-13
  148.   John L. Finley (1935–2006) — Tiada penerbangan. Dilatih untuk program Makmal Orbit Terkawal
  149.   Anna Fisher, M.D. STS-51-A
  150.   William Frederick Fisher, M.D.STS-51-I
  151.   Klaus-Dietrich Flade
  152.   /   Michael FoaleSTS-45, STS-56, STS-63, STS-84/86, STS-103, Soyuz TMA-3. Penyandang rekod masa Amerika dan British id angkasa lepas (374 d, 11 h, 19 m)
  153.   Kevin A. FordSTS-128
  154.   Michael ForemanSTS-123, STS-129
  155.   Patrick ForresterSTS-105, STS-117, STS-128
  156.   Michael FossumSTS-121, STS-124
  157.   Ted Freeman (1930–1964) — Tiada penerbangan. Kumpulan 3 NASA.
  158.   Stephen FrickSTS-110, STS-122
  159.   Dirk Frimout, orang Belgium yang pertama di angkasa lepas
  160.   Christer Fuglesang, orang Sweden yang pertama di angkasa lepas
  161.   Charles FullertonSTS-3, STS-51-F
  162.   Reinhard Furrer (1940–1995)
  163.   Satoshi Furukawa — Tiada penerbangan

    GSunting

  164.   F. Drew Gaffney, M.D.STS-40
  165.   Yuri Gagarin (1934–1968) — Vostok 1. Orang pertama di angkasa lepas
  166.   Ronald GaranSTS-124
  167.   Dale GardnerSTS-8, STS-51-A
  168.   Guy GardnerSTS-27, STS-35
  169.   Marc Garneau, orang Kanada yang pertama di angkasa lepas
  170.   Owen GarriottSkylab 3, STS-9
  171.   Charles GemarSTS-38, STS-48, STS-62
  172.   Michael GernhardtSTS-69, STS-83, STS-94, STS-104
  173.   Alexander Gerst — Tiada penerbangan
  174.   Edward GibsonSkylab 4
  175.   Robert L. GibsonSTS-41-B, STS-61-C, STS-27, STS-47, STS-71
  176.   Yuri GidzenkoSoyuz TM-22, Soyuz TM-31/STS-102, Soyuz TM-34/Soyuz TM-33
  177.   Ed Givens (1930–1967) — Tiada penerbangan. Kumpulan 5 NASA
  178.   Yuri GlazkovSoyuz 24
  179.   John Glenn (lahir 1921) — Mercury 6, STS-95. Orang Amerika yang pertama dalam orbit Bumi dan kemudian, orang tertua untuk terbang di angkasa lepas [6][7]
  180.   Linda Godwin STS-37, STS-59, STS-76, STS-108
  181.   Michael T. GoodSTS-125
  182.   Viktor GorbatkoSoyuz 7, Soyuz 24, Soyuz 37/36
  183.   Richard GordonGemini 11, Apollo 12
  184.   Dominic GorieSTS-91, STS-99, STS-108, STS-123
  185.   Ronald GrabeSTS-51-J, STS-30, STS-42, STS-57
  186.   Duane Graveline, M.D. — Tiada penerbangan
  187.   Georgi GrechkoSoyuz 17, Soyuz 26/27, Soyuz T-14/13
  188.   Frederick GregorySTS-51-B, STS-33, STS-44
  189.   William GregorySTS-67
  190.   Stanley Griggs (1939–1989) — STS-51-D
  191.   Virgil Grissom (1926–1967) — Mercury-Redstone 4, Gemini 3. Orang pertama untuk mencapai orbit buat dua kali. Maut dalam nahas Apollo 1 [8][9]
  192.   John GrunsfeldSTS-67, STS-81, STS-103, STS-109, STS-125
  193.   Aleksei GubarevSoyuz 17, Soyuz 28
  194.   Umberto Guidoni
  195.   Zhugderdemidiyn Gurragcha, orang Mongolia yang pertama di angkasa lepas
  196.   Sidney GutierrezSTS-40, STS-59

    HSunting

  197.   Chris Hadfield, orang Kanada yang pertama untuk berjalan di angkasa lepas
  198.   Claudie Haigneré , wanita Perancis yang pertama di angkasa lepas
  199.   Jean-Pierre Haigneré
  200.   Fred HaiseApollo 13
  201.   James HalsellSTS-65, STS-74, STS-83, STS-94, STS-101
  202.   Kenneth HamSTS-124
  203.   Lloyd HammondSTS-39, STS-64
  204.   Jeremy Hansen
  205.   Gregory HarbaughSTS-39, STS-54, STS-71, STS-82
  206.   Bernard A. Harris, Jr.STS-55, STS-63. Orang Amerika-Afrika yang pertama untuk berjalan di angkasa lepas
  207.   Terry HartSTS-41-C
  208.   Henry HartsfieldSTS-4, STS-41-D, STS-61-A
  209.   Frederick HauckSTS-7, STS-51-A, STS-26
  210.   Steven HawleySTS-41-D, STS-61-C, STS-31, STS-82, STS-93
  211.   Susan Helms STS-54, STS-64, STS-78, STS-101, STS-102/105
  212.   Karl Henize (1926–1993) — STS-51-F
  213.   Thomas HennenSTS-44
  214.   Terence HenricksSTS-44, STS-55, STS-70, STS-78
  215.   Miroslaw Hermaszewski, orang Poland yang pertama di angkasa lepas
  216.   José HernándezSTS-128
  217.   John HerringtonSTS-113. Orang asli Amerika yang pertama di angkasa lepas
  218.   Richard HiebSTS-39, STS-49, STS-65
  219.   Joan Higginbotham STS-116
  220.   David HilmersSTS-51-J, STS-26, STS-36, STS-42
  221.   Kathryn Hire STS-90
  222.   Charles HobaughSTS-104, STS-108, STS-129
  223.   Jeffrey HoffmanSTS-51-D, STS-35, STS-46, STS-61, STS-75
  224.   Donald Holmquest, M.D. — Tiada penerbangan
  225.   Scott HorowitzSTS-75, STS-82, STS-101, STS-105
  226.   Akihiko Hoshide
  227.   Millie Hughes-Fulford STS-40. Pakar Beban Bayar wanita yang pertama
  228.   Douglas G. HurleySTS-127
  229.   Rick D. Husband (1957–2003) — STS-96, STS-107. Maut dalam nahas Bolak-balik Angkasa Lepas Columbia

    ISunting

  230.   James Irwin (1930–1991) — Apollo 15
  231.   Aleksandr IvanchenkovSoyuz 29/31
  232.   Georgi Ivanov, orang Bulgaria yang pertama di angkasa lepas
  233.   Marsha Ivins STS-32, STS-46, STS-62, STS-81, STS-98

    JSunting

  234.   Sigmund Jähn, orang Jerman yang pertama di angkasa lepas
  235.   Mae Jemison, M.D. STS-47. Orang wanita Amerika-Afrika di angkasa lepas
  236.   Tamara E. Jernigan STS-40, STS-52, STS-67, STS-80, STS-96
  237.   Brent W. Jett, Jr.STS-72, STS-81, STS-97, STS-115
  238.   Jing Haipeng
  239.   Gregory C. JohnsonSTS-125
  240.   Gregory H. JohnsonSTS-123
  241.   Thomas D. JonesSTS-59, STS-68, STS-80, STS-98

    KSunting

  242.   Leonid Kadenyuk, first Ukrainian in space since independence.
  243.   Alexander KaleriSoyuz TM-14, Soyuz TM-24, Soyuz TM-30, Soyuz TMA-3
  244.   Janet Kavandi STS-91, STS-99, STS-104
  245.   James KellySTS-102, STS-114
  246.   Mark E. KellySTS-108, STS-121, STS-124
  247.   Scott KellySTS-103, STS-118
  248.   Joseph Kerwin, M.D.Skylab 2. Became the first physician in space.
  249.   Yevgeny KhrunovSoyuz 5/4 (1933–2000)
  250.   Robert S. KimbroughSTS-126
  251.   Leonid KizimSoyuz T-3, Soyuz T-10/11, Soyuz T-15
  252.   Petr KlimukSoyuz 13, Soyuz 18, Soyuz 30. First Belarusian in space.
  253.   Vladimir Komarov (1927–1967) — Voskhod 1, Soyuz 1. Died during re-entry of first Soyuz spacecraft.
  254.   Yelena V. Kondakova Soyuz TM-20/STS-84
  255.   Dmitri Kondratyev — No flights
  256.   Oleg KononenkoSoyuz TMA-12
  257.   Timothy L. KopraSTS-127/128
  258.   Mikhail Korniyenko — No flights
  259.   Valery KorzunSoyuz TM-24, STS-111/113
  260.   Oleg KotovSoyuz TMA-10
  261.   Vladimir KovalyonokSoyuz 25, Soyuz 29/31, Soyuz T-4
  262.   Konstantin KozeyevSoyuz TM-33/32
  263.   Kevin KregelSTS-70, STS-78, STS-87, STS-99
  264.  /  Sergei KrikalevSoyuz TM-7, Soyuz TM-12/Soyuz TM-13, STS-60, STS-88, Soyuz TM-31/STS-102, Soyuz TMA-6. Record for longest time in space (803 d, 9 h 39 m).
  265.   Valeri KubasovSoyuz 6, Soyuz 19, Soyuz 36/35
  266.   André Kuipers, M.D.

    LSunting

  267.   Aleksandr LaveykinSoyuz TM-2
  268.   Robert Lawrence (1935–1967) — No flights. MOL, first black astronaut.
  269.   Wendy Lawrence STS-67, STS-86, STS-91, STS-114
  270.   Vasili Lazarev (1928–1990) — Soyuz 12, Soyuz 18a
  271.   Aleksandr LazutkinSoyuz TM-25
  272.   Valentin LebedevSoyuz 13, Soyuz T-5/7
  273.   Mark C. LeeSTS-30, STS-47, STS-64, STS-82
  274.   David LeestmaSTS-41-G, STS-28, STS-45
  275.   William B. LenoirSTS-5
  276.   Alexei LeonovVoskhod 2, Soyuz 19. First person to make an EVA).
  277.   Frederick W. LeslieSTS-73
  278.   Anatoli Levchenko (1941–1988) — Soyuz TM-4/3
  279.   Byron LichtenbergSTS-9, STS-45. First NASA Payload Specialist.
  280.   Don LindSTS-51-B
  281.   Steven LindseySTS-87, STS-95, STS-104, STS-121
  282.   Jerry LinengerSTS-64, STS-81/84
  283.   Richard LinnehanSTS-78, STS-90, STS-109, STS-123
  284.   Gregory LinterisSTS-83, STS-94
  285.   Liu Boming, performed EVA on Shenzhou 7
  286.   Anthony Llewellyn — No flights.
  287.   Paul LockhartSTS-111, STS-113
  288.   Yuri LonchakovSTS-100, Soyuz TMA-1/TM-34, Soyuz TMA-13
  289.   Michael Lopez-AlegriaSTS-73, STS-92, STS-113, Soyuz TMA-9
  290.   Christopher Loria
  291.   John LoungeSTS-51-I, STS-26, STS-35
  292.   Jack LousmaSkylab 3, STS-3
  293.   Stanley G. LoveSTS-122
  294.   Jim LovellGemini 7, Gemini 12, Apollo 8, Apollo 13
  295.   G. David Low (1956-2008) — STS-32, STS-43, STS-57
  296.   Edward LuSTS-84, STS-106, Soyuz TMA-2
  297.   Shannon Lucid STS-51-G, STS-34, STS-43, STS-58, STS-76/79.
  298.   Vladimir LyakhovSoyuz 32/34, Soyuz T-9, Soyuz TM-6/5

    MSunting

  299.   Steven MacLean
  300.   Sandra Magnus STS-112, STS-126/119
  301.   Oleg Makarov (1933–2003) — Soyuz 12, Soyuz 18a, Soyuz 27/26, Soyuz T-3
  302.   Yuri MalenchenkoSoyuz TM-19, STS-106, Soyuz TMA-2, Soyuz TMA-11
  303.   Franco Malerba, first Italian in space.
  304.   Yuri Malyshev (1941–1999) — Soyuz T-2, Soyuz T-11/10
  305.  /  Gennadi ManakovSoyuz TM-10, Soyuz TM-16
  306.   Musa ManarovSoyuz TM-4/6, Soyuz TM-11
  307.   Thomas Marshburn, M.D.STS-127
  308.   Michael MassiminoSTS-109, STS-125
  309.   Richard MastracchioSTS-106, STS-118
  310.   Thomas Kenneth "Ken" Mattingly IIApollo 16, STS-4, STS-51-C.
  311.   K. Megan McArthurSTS-125
  312.   William S. McArthurSTS-58, STS-74, STS-92, Soyuz TMA-7
  313.   Jon McBrideSTS-41-G
  314.   Bruce McCandless IISTS-41-B, STS-31
  315.   William C. McCool (1961–2003) — STS-107. Died in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster.
  316.   Michael McCulleySTS-34
  317.   James McDivittGemini 4, Apollo 9
  318.   Donald McMonagleSTS-39, STS-54, STS-66
  319.   Ronald McNair (1950–1986) — STS-41-B. Died in the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster.
  320.   Carl MeadeSTS-38, STS-50, STS-64
  321.   Bruce MelnickSTS-41, STS-49
  322.   Pamela Melroy STS-92, STS-112, STS-120
  323.   Leland D. MelvinSTS-122, STS-129
  324.   Ulf Merbold
  325.   Ernst Messerschmid
  326.   Dorothy M. Metcalf-Lindenburger  — No flights
  327.   Curt Michel — No flights.
  328.   Edgar MitchellApollo 14
  329.   Andreas Mogensen
  330.   Abdul Ahad Mohmand, first Afghan in space.
  331.   Mamoru Mohri, first professional Japanese astronaut in space.
  332.   Barbara Morgan STS-118
  333.   Lee MorinSTS-110
  334.   Boris MorukovSTS-106
  335.   Chiaki Mukai, M.D. , first Japanese woman in space.
  336.   Richard MullaneSTS-41-D, STS-27, STS-36
  337.   Talgat MusabayevSoyuz TM-19, Soyuz TM-27, Soyuz TM-32/31
  338.   Story Musgrave, M.D.STS-6, STS-51-F, STS-33, STS-44, STS-61, STS-80

    NSunting

  339.   Steven R. NagelSTS-51-G, STS-61-A, STS-37, STS-55
  340.   George NelsonSTS-41-C, STS-61-C, STS-26
  341.   Grigori Nelyubov (1934–1966) Vostok backup.
  342.   Rodolfo Neri Vela, first Mexican in space.
  343.   Paolo A. Nespoli
  344.   James H. NewmanSTS-51, STS-69, STS-88, STS-109
  345.   Claude Nicollier, first Swiss in space.
  346.   Niè Hǎishèng, flew on Shenzhou 6
  347.   Andriyan Nikolayev (1929–2004) — Vostok 3, Soyuz 9
  348.   Soichi Noguchi
  349.   Carlos I. NoriegaSTS-84, STS-97. First Peruvian-born person in space.
  350.   Lisa Nowak STS-121
  351.   Karen Nyberg STS-124

    OSunting

  352.   Bryan O'ConnorSTS-61-B, STS-40
  353.   Ellen Ochoa STS-56, STS-66, STS-96, STS-110. First Hispanic woman in space.
  354.   Wubbo Ockels, first Dutchman in space.
  355.   William OefeleinSTS-116
  356.   Brian O'Leary — No flights.
  357.   John D. OlivasSTS-117, STS-128
  358.   Takuya Onishi
  359.   Ellison Onizuka (1946–1986) — STS-51-C. Died in the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster.
  360.   Yuri OnufrienkoSoyuz TM-23, STS-108/111
  361.   Stephen OswaldSTS-42, STS-56, STS-67
  362.   Robert Overmyer (1936–1996) — STS-5, STS-51-B

    PSunting

  363.   Gennady PadalkaSoyuz TM-28, Soyuz TMA-4, Soyuz TMA-14
  364.   William PailesSTS-51-J
  365.   Scott Parazynski, M.D.STS-66, STS-86, STS-95, STS-100, STS-120
  366.   Ronald A. Parise (1951-2008) — STS-35, STS-67
  367.   Robert ParkerSTS-9, STS-35
  368.   Luca Parmitano
  369.   /   Nicholas PatrickSTS-116
  370.   Viktor Patsayev (1933–1971) — Soyuz 11. Died on reentry.
  371.   James PawelczykSTS-90
  372.   Julie Payette 
  373.   Gary PaytonSTS-51-C. First military astronaut.
  374.   Timothy Peake — No flights.
  375.   Philippe Perrin, first Morocco-born man in space
  376.   Thomas Pesquet
  377.   Donald PetersonSTS-6
  378.   Donald PettitSTS-113/Soyuz TMA-1, STS-126
  379.   Pham Tuân, first Vietnamese and first Asian in space.
  380.   John PhillipsSTS-100, Soyuz TMA-6, STS-119
  381.   William PogueSkylab 4
  382.   Alan G. PoindexterSTS-122
  383.   Mark PolanskySTS-98, STS-116, STS-127
  384.   Alexander PoleshchukSoyuz TM-16
  385.  /  Valeri Polyakov, M.D.Soyuz TM-6/7, Soyuz TM-18/20. Record for longest continuous period in space (437 days)
  386.   Marcos Pontes, first Brazilian, South American and the only lusophone in space.
  387.   Leonid PopovSoyuz 35/37, Soyuz 40, Soyuz T-7/5
  388.   Pavel Popovich (1930-2009) — Vostok 4, Soyuz 14. First Ukrainian-born person in space.
  389.   Charles PrecourtSTS-55, STS-71, STS-84, STS-91
  390.   Dumitru Prunariu, first Romanian in space.

    RSunting

  391.   Ilan Ramon (1954–2003), first Israeli in space, died in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster.
  392.   William ReaddySTS-42, STS-51, STS-79
  393.   Kenneth ReightlerSTS-48, STS-60
  394.   James F. ReillySTS-89, STS-104, STS-117
  395.   Garrett ReismanSTS-123/124
  396.   Thomas Reiter, first German to walk in space and first ESA astronaut to stay on the ISS.
  397.   Vladimír Remek, first Czech and first non-Soviet European in space.
  398.   Judith Resnik  (1949–1986) — STS-41-D died on the Challenger
  399.   Sergei Revin — No flights
  400.   Paul W. RichardsSTS-102
  401.   Richard N. RichardsSTS-28, STS-41, STS-50, STS-64
  402.   Sally Ride STS-7, STS-41-G. First American woman in space.
  403.   Patricia Robertson, M.D.  (1963–2001) — No flights.
  404.   Stephen RobinsonSTS-85, STS-95, STS-114
  405.   Russell L. Rogers (1928–1967) — No flights. Assigned to the Dyna Soar project.
  406.   Roman RomanenkoSoyuz TMA-15
  407.   Yuri RomanenkoSoyuz 26/27, Soyuz 38, Soyuz TM-2/3
  408.   Kent RomingerSTS-73, STS-80, STS-85, STS-96, STS-100
  409.   Stuart Roosa (1933–1994) — Apollo 14
  410.   Jerry L. RossSTS-61-B, STS-27, STS-37, STS-55, STS-74, STS-88, STS-110
  411.   Valeri RozhdestvenskySoyuz 23
  412.   Nikolay Rukavishnikov (1932–2002) — Soyuz 10, Soyuz 16, Soyuz 33
  413.   Mario Runco, Jr.STS-44, STS-54, STS-77
  414.  /  Valery RyuminSoyuz 25, Soyuz 32/34, Soyuz 35/37, STS-91

    SSunting

  415.   Albert SaccoSTS-73
  416.   David Saint-Jacques
  417.   Aleksandr Samokutyayev — No flights
  418.   Gennadi Sarafanov (1942–2005) — Soyuz 15
  419.   Robert Satcher, M.D.STS-129. Became the first orthopedic surgeon in space.
  420.   Sultan bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
  421.   Viktor SavinykhSoyuz T-4, Soyuz T-13/14
  422.   Svetlana Savitskaya Soyuz T-7/5, Soyuz T-12. First woman to walk in space.
  423.   Wally Schirra (1923–2007) — Mercury 8, Gemini 6A, Apollo 7[10][11]
  424.   Hans Schlegel
  425.   Harrison SchmittApollo 17
  426.   Rusty SchweickartApollo 9
  427.   Dick Scobee (1939–1986) — STS-41-C. Died in the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster.
  428.   David ScottGemini 8, Apollo 9, Apollo 15
  429.   Winston ScottSTS-72, STS-87
  430.   /   Paul Scully-PowerSTS-41-G
  431.   Richard SearfossSTS-58, STS-76, STS-90
  432.   Rhea Seddon, M.D. STS-51-D, STS-40, STS-58
  433.   Elliott See (1927–1966) original command pilot, Gemini 9.
  434.   Ronald SegaSTS-60, STS-76
  435.   /   Piers SellersSTS-112, STS-121
  436.  /  Aleksandr SerebrovSoyuz T-7/5, Soyuz T-8, Soyuz TM-8, Soyuz TM-17
  437.   Vitali SevastyanovSoyuz 9, Soyuz 18
  438.   Yuri Shargin, first Russian military cosmonautSoyuz TMA-5/4
  439.   Salizhan SharipovSTS-89, Soyuz TMA-5 [12]
  440.   Rakesh Sharma, first Indian in space.
  441.   Vladimir ShatalovSoyuz 4, Soyuz 8, Soyuz 10
  442.   Brewster ShawSTS-9, STS-61-B, STS-28
  443.   Alan Shepard (1923–1998) — Mercury-Redstone 3, Apollo 14. First American in space.[13][14]
  444.   William ShepherdSTS-27, STS-41, STS-52, Soyuz TM-31/STS-102
  445.   Anton Shkaplerov — No flights
  446.   Georgi Shonin (1935–1997) — Soyuz 6
  447.   Loren ShriverSTS-51-C, STS-31, STS-46
  448.   Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor, M.D., first Malaysian in space.
  449.   Oleg Skripochka — No flights
  450.   Aleksandr Skvortsov — No flights
  451.   Donald "Deke" Slayton (1924–1993) — Apollo-Soyuz Test Project. First selected as a Mercury astronaut.[15]
  452.   Steven SmithSTS-68, STS-82, STS-103, STS-110
  453.  /  Anatoly SolovyevSoyuz TM-5/4, Soyuz TM-9, Soyuz TM-15, STS-71/Soyuz TM-21, Soyuz TM-26. First Latvia-born astronaut, Record for EVA time (77+ hours in 16 spacewalks).
  454.   Vladimir SolovyovSoyuz T-10/11, Soyuz T-15
  455.   Aleksei Sorokin[16] (1931–1976) — No flights. Voskhod 1 backup.
  456.   Sherwood SpringSTS-61-B
  457.   Robert SpringerSTS-29, STS-38
  458.   Thomas Patten StaffordGemini 6A, Gemini 9A, Apollo 10, Apollo-Soyuz Test Project
  459.   Heidemarie Stefanyshyn-Piper STS-115, STS-126
  460.   Robert StewartSTS-41-B, STS-51-J
  461.   Susan Still Kilrain STS-83, STS-94
  462.   Nicole Marie Passonno Stott STS-128
  463.  /  Gennady Strekalov (1940–2004) — Soyuz T-3, Soyuz T-8, Soyuz T-11/10, Soyuz TM-10, Soyuz TM-21/STS-71
  464.   Frederick SturckowSTS-88, STS-105, STS-117, STS-128
  465.   Kathryn Sullivan , first American woman to walk in space — STS-41-G, STS-31, STS-45. First American woman to walk in space.
  466. Maksim SurayevSoyuz TMA-16
  467.   John "Jack" Swigert (1931–1982) — Apollo 13

    TSunting

  468.   Daniel TaniSTS-108, STS-120/122
  469.   Joseph TannerSTS-66, STS-82, STS-97, STS-115
  470.   James M. Taylor (1930–1970) — No flights. MOL
  471.   Valentina Tereshkova Vostok 6. First woman in space.
  472.   Norman Thagard, M.D.STS-7, STS-51-B, STS-30, STS-42, Soyuz TM-21/STS-71
  473.   Gerhard Thiele
  474.   Robert Thirsk, M.D.
  475.   /   Andrew ThomasSTS-77, STS-89, STS-91, STS-102, STS-114
  476.   Donald ThomasSTS-65, STS-70, STS-83, STS-94
  477.   Stephen Thorne (1953–1986) — No flights. Died before completing his NASA astronaut training.
  478.   Kathryn Thornton STS-33, STS-49, STS-61, STS-73. First woman to make multiple EVAs.
  479.   William Thornton, M.D.STS-8, STS-51-B
  480.   Pierre ThuotSTS-36, STS-49, STS-62
  481.   Gherman Titov (1935–2000) — Vostok 2. First person to spend a day in space.
  482.  /  Vladimir TitovSoyuz T-8, Soyuz TM-4/6, STS-63, STS-86
  483.   Michel Tognini
  484.   Valery TokarevSTS-96, Soyuz TMA-7
  485.   Arnaldo Tamayo Méndez, the first Cuban, first Hispanophone, and first person of African ancestry in space.
  486.   Sergei TreshchovSTS-111/113
  487.   Eugene TrinhSTS-50. First Vietnamese-American in space.
  488.   Richard TrulySTS-2, STS-8
  489.   Bjarni Tryggvason
  490.   Vasili TsibliyevSoyuz TM-17, Soyuz TM-25
  491.   Mikhail TyurinSTS-105/108, Soyuz TMA-9

    USunting

  492.   Yury UsachovSoyuz TM-18, Soyuz TM-23, STS-101, STS-102/STS-105

    VSunting

  493.   /   Lodewijk van den BergSTS-51-B
  494.   James "Ox" van HoftenSTS-41-C, STS-51-I
  495.   Vladimir Vasyutin (1952–2002) — Soyuz T-14
  496.   Charles Veach (1944–1995) — STS-39, STS-52
  497.   Franz Viehböck, first Austrian in space.
  498.  /  Alexander ViktorenkoSoyuz TM-3/2, Soyuz TM-8, Soyuz TM-14, Soyuz TM-20
  499.   Pavel VinogradovSoyuz TM-26, Soyuz TMA-8
  500.   Terry Virts — No flights
  501.   Roberto Vittori
  502.   Igor VolkSoyuz T-12
  503.  /  Alexander VolkovSoyuz T-14, Soyuz TM-7, Soyuz TM-13, Soyuz TM-13
  504.   Sergey VolkovSoyuz TMA-12. Son of Alexander Volkov.
  505.   Vladislav Volkov (1935–1971) — Soyuz 7, Soyuz 11. Died on Soyuz 11.
  506.   Boris VolynovSoyuz 5, Soyuz 21. First Jew in space.
  507.   James VossSTS-44, STS-53, STS-69, STS-101, STS-102/105
  508.   Janice Voss STS-57, STS-63, STS-83, STS-94, STS-99

    WSunting

  509.   Koichi Wakata
  510.   Rex WalheimSTS-110, STS-122
  511.   Charles D. WalkerSTS-41-D, STS-51-D, STS-61-B
  512.   David M. Walker (1944–2001) — STS-51-A, STS-30, STS-53, STS-69
  513.   Joseph A. Walker (1921–1966) — X-15 flights 77, 90, and 91. First person fly higher than 100 km twice.
  514.   Shannon Walker  — No flights
  515.   Ulrich Walter
  516.   Carl WalzSTS-51, STS-65, STS-79, STS-108/111
  517.   Mary Weber STS-70, STS-101
  518.   Paul WeitzSkylab 2, STS-6
  519.   James WetherbeeSTS-32, STS-52, STS-63, STS-86, STS-102, STS-113
  520.   Douglas WheelockSTS-120
  521.   Edward White (1930–1967) — Gemini 4. First American to make an EVA. Died in the Apollo 1 fire.
  522.   Peggy Whitson , holds the American record for time spent in space — STS-111/113, Soyuz TMA-11
  523.   Terrence WilcuttSTS-68, STS-79, STS-89, STS-106
  524.   Clifton Williams (1932–1967) — No flights. Died in a training accident.
  525.   Dafydd Williams, M.D.
  526.   Donald WilliamsSTS-51-D, STS-34
  527.   Jeffrey WilliamsSTS-101, Soyuz TMA-8, Soyuz TMA-16
  528.   Sunita "Suni" Williams STS-116/117. As of 2007, holder of the woman's spaceflight-duration record.
  529.   Barry Wilmore - STS-129
  530.   Stephanie Wilson STS-121, STS-120
  531.   Peter WisoffSTS-57, STS-68, STS-81, STS-92
  532.   David Wolf, M.D.STS-58, STS-86/89, STS-112, STS-127
  533.   Neil Woodward — No flights.
  534.   Alfred WordenApollo 15

    YSunting

  535.   Naoko Yamazaki  — Tiada penerbangan
  536.   Yáng Lìwěi, orang pertama yang dilancarkan oleh program angkasa Cina
  537.   Boris Yegorov, M.D. (1937–1994) — Voskhod 1
  538.   Aleksei YeliseyevSoyuz 5/4, Soyuz 8, Soyuz 10
  539.   Yi So-yeon Soyuz TMA-12
  540.   John YoungGemini 3, Gemini 10, Apollo 10, Apollo 16, STS-1, STS-9
  541.   Kimiya Yui
  542.   Fyodor YurchikhinSTS-112, Soyuz TMA-10. Orang keturunan Greek Pontik yang dilahirkan di Georgia

    ZSunting

  543.   Sergei ZalyotinSoyuz TM-30, Soyuz TMA-1/TM-34
  544.   George D. ZamkaSTS-120
  545.   Zhai Zhigang, warga China yang pertama untuk berjalan di angkasa lepas
  546.   Vitaliy ZholobovSoyuz 21
  547.   Vyacheslav ZudovSoyuz 23

Lihat jugaSunting

RujukanSunting

  1. ^ "Gemini 8". Dicapai pada 2009-10-12.
  2. ^ "Apollo 11 Command and Service Module (CSM)". Dicapai pada 2009-10-12.
  3. ^ "Murcury Atlas 7". Dicapai pada 2009-10-12.
  4. ^ "Murcury Atlas 9". Dicapai pada 2009-10-12.
  5. ^ "Gemini 5". Dicapai pada 2009-10-12.
  6. ^ "Murcury Atlas 6". Dicapai pada 2009-10-12.
  7. ^ "NASA STS-95 mission archive". Dicapai pada 2009-10-12.
  8. ^ "Mercury Atlas 4". Dicapai pada 2009-10-12.
  9. ^ "Gemini 4". Dicapai pada 2009-10-12.
  10. ^ "Mercury Atlas 8". Dicapai pada 2009-10-12.
  11. ^ "Gemini 6A". Dicapai pada 2009-10-12.
  12. ^ Salizhan Sharipov<
  13. ^ "Mercury-Redstone 3". Dicapai pada 2009-10-12.
  14. ^ "Apollo 14 mission archive". Dicapai pada 2009-10-12.
  15. ^ "The Flight of the Apollo Soyuz Test Project". Dicapai pada 2009-10-12.
  16. ^ Kosmonautenbiographie: Alexej Sorokin